Decomposition of these residues in the field is slow due to their complex chemical composition. Reproductive rates and temperature requirements of african night crawler and two other species of composting earthworms. Rev Ecol Biol Sol 24:157–170, Viljoen SA, Reinecke AJ (1988) The number, size and growth of hatchlings of the African Nightcrawler, Eudrilus eugeniae (Oligochaeta). Compost Science & Utilization: Vol. - 157.245.99.246. volume 7, pages23–27(1988)Cite this article. The Growth and Reproduction of Eisenia fetida and Eudrilus eugeniae in Mixtures of Empty Fruit Bunch and Palm Oil Mill Effluent. Maboeta, M. S., Reinecke, A. J. and Reinecke, S. A. European Journal of Soil Biology 46: 255-229. Eudrilus eugeniae lives on the surface layer (epigeic) of moist soil and are also found wherever organic matter is accumulated (Bouche, 1977). The reproduction pattern is directly related to the feed in the vermibed. The results suggested that both cashew and cocoa residues or their 1:1 mixture are viable growth and reproduction media for E. eugeniae, and hence both are potential substrates for vermicomposting with E. eugeniae. The qualities of initial feed substrate determine the physico-chemical characteristics of vermicompost prepared. The hatching success of the cocoons was 84% in cattle manure, 50% in distilled water, and 48% on moist filter paper. Both crop residues were found viable for vermicomposting with E. eugeniea. Rev Ecol Biol Sol 18:473–485, Rodriquez C, Canetti ME, Reines M, Sierra A (1986) Life cycle of Eudrilus eugeniae (Oligochaeta: Eudrilidae) at 30° celsius. The industries are forced to dump wastes into the environment. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. 11. Moisture preferences, growth and reproduction of the African nightcrawler, Eudrilus eugeniae (Oligochaeta) South African Journal of Zoology: Vol. Eudrilus eugeniae, also called the "African Nightcrawler", is an earthworm species native to tropical west Africa and now widespread in warm regions under vermicompost; it is an excellent source of protein and has great pharmaceutical potential. 2000. The bagasse was utilized to study the growth and reproductive potential of epigeic earthworm Eudrilus eugeniae. Properties. 155-160. Biology and Fertility of Soils 16: 135–138. Eudrilus eugeniae is an epigeic earthworm of African origin. 2006; UNEP 2011). Eudrilus eugeniae were collected from vermibiotechnology laboratory and cultivated inside the campus of Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Tirunelveli. 22, No. Reproduction characteristics, growth and offtake of E. eugeniae were studied using four organic substrates including abattoir waste (AW), cattle manure (CM), soya bean crop residue (SBCR) and a mixture of cattle manure and soya bean crop residue (CM+SBCR) aged 15 days. Bagasse was mixed with cow dung for earthworm rearing. No mortality was observed in any of the residues. The reproductive capabilities of E. eugeniae and Eisenia fetida were compared. Beech Leaf, Kalamazoo, Mich, pp 167–177, Reinecke AJ, Venter JM (1987) Moisture preferences, growth and reproduction of the compost worm Eisenia fetida (Oligochaeta). The study was initiated and reproductive efficiency of vermicomposting worms to see the growth, reproductive biology and life cycle of the vermicomposting earthworms (Eisenia fetidaand Eudrilus eugeniae) at the lab Department of Soil Science during 15 February to 10 June 2018. Dominguez, J., C.A. Edwards and M. Webster. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout. Blakemore, R.J. 2015. (1999). 6. Water Res 19:1311–1317, Mba CC (1978) Influence of different mulch treatments on the growth rate and activity of the earthworm Eudrilus eugeniae (Kinberg). range (C) Opt. Data were gathered over a period of 300 days. Influence of temperature on growth and reproduction of Eudrilus eugeniae has been investigated by laboratory culturing at regulated 25.0 degrees C, 30.0 degrees C, 37.5 degrees C and 40.0 degrees C and in fluctuating (22.7-27.3 degrees C) room temperature of prevailing (winter) season over 16 weeks. Eudrilus eugeniae (Kinberg) and Perionyx excavatus (Perrier) are the commonly used earthworms for vermicomposting in tropical and sub-tropical countries (Kale et al., 1982, Reinecke et … Doctorate Thesis, Justus-Liebig-Universität, Giessen, FRG, Loehr RC, Neuhauser EF, Malecki MR (1985) Factors affecting the vermistabilization process: Temperature, moisture content and polyculture. Data were gathered over a … It is nocturnal and lies in the surface layer during the day. (1990). Therefore much work is needed to evaluate the role of commonly available exotic E. eugeniae in vermicomposting of MSW. 1) Hatch per viable week-1 cocoon mature adult-1 15 0.21 ± 0.08 a1 0.019 ± 0.002 a 75 2.13 ± 0.4 a 0.33 ± 0.07 a ≤ 9-35. We use cookies to offer you a better experience, personalize content, tailor advertising, provide social media features, and better understand the use of our services. Chapman and Hall, London, Evans AC, Guild WJMcL (1948) Some notes on reproduction in British earthworms. Vermicomposting is an eco-friendly technology that converts organic biomass into nutrient-rich organic fertilizers. About 12-16 week old, non clitellated worms weighing in the range of 950±1025 mg were obtained Each solid waste causes air, soil and water pollution. Net biomass gain per worm was 1.04 ± 0.29 g in cocoa residues, 1.71 ± 0.22 g in cashew residues, and 1.19 ± 0.30 g in the mixture of both residues. In: Appelhof M (ed) Workshop role of earthworms in the stabilization of organic residues. young worms/wk . https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00260727, Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips, Not logged in The earthworm species Eudrilus eugeniae was … African Nightcrawlers . Temp. The objective of this study was to evaluate 8± ugeniae Eudrilus e species as biological indicators of soil pollution with herbicide and pesticide. Highest cocoon production also occurred in standalone cashew residues. Yadav and Garg, (2011) also confirmed the influence of vermibed substrate on reproduction. The activity of dehydrogenase, urease, acid and alkaline phosphatase declined towards the end, indicating the progression of vermicompost maturity. Correspondence to Statistically, number of cocoons produced per worm per day in cocoa residues was significantly lower than that obtained in the mixture of the two residues. The following table shows some features of the african night crawler (Eudrilus eugeniae) compared to two other species of earthworms: Table ANC-1. Two hatchlings were introduced into 100 g of cocoa, cashew, and a mixture of both residues after two weeks of traditional pre-composting. 40-46. Eudrilus eugeniae, the African Night Crawler, has become of interest for its high efficiency in decomposition of organics. The growth, reproduction, and life-cycle of Eudrilus eugeniae, in cocoa and cashew residues, were evaluated under laboratory conditions to assess the viability of recycling these residues via vermicomposting. E. fetida. A. J. Reinecke. The effects of low lead levels on the growth and reproduction of the African earthworm Eudrilus eugeniae (Oligochaeta). Biology of Eudrilus eugeniae in cattle waste 345 Table 2. Deka, H., S. Deka, C. K. Baruah, J. Das, S. Hoque, and N. S. Sarma. The hatching success of the cocoons was 84% in cattle manure, 50% in distilled water, and 48% on moist filter paper. Eudrilus eugeniae Ogheneruemu Abraham Ekperusi* and Iruobe Felix Aigbodion Background Activities in the over half a century operations in the oil and gas industry in Nigeria has resulted in unprecedented release of hydrocarbons and associated pollutants including heavy metals into the Niger Delta environment from refine and unrefined petroleum products (Obot et al. Rev Ecol Biol Sol (in press), Department of Zoology, Potchefstroom University for CHE, 2520, Potchefstroom, South Africa, You can also search for this author in https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsoil.2019.06.015. No. Annu Mag Nat Hist 11:654–659, Graff O (1981) Preliminary experiments of vermicomposting of different waste materials using Eudrilus eugeniae Kinberg. Effect of temperature on the reproduction of E. eugeniae in cattle solids Temperature No of cocoons Mean weight % N o hatchlings No hatchlings 0 C worm-1 week-1 (± S.E. 20. The development, growth and reproduction of E. eugeniae were studied. The growth, reproduction, and life-cycle of Eudrilus eugeniae, in cocoa and cashew residues, were evaluated under laboratory conditions to assess the viability of recycling these residues via vermicomposting. Cattle dung was used as substrate with a moisture content of 70–80% and a temperature of 25°C. In fact, Dominguez et al. Different feeds namely, farm yard manure, leaf mould or crop wastes, pressmud and composted coir pith were taken for the study. Home; Blog; Members; Photos ; Links; Web Store; Location; index; Free Vermicomposting course with every purchase, Lifetime support on all product's. Key words: Reproduction, vermicomposting, Eudrilus, Perionyx Introduction Earthworms are the most important soil dwelling organisms involved in the process of soil formation and organic matter decomposition. Biology and Fertility of Soils (2014). Biol Fert Soils 7, 23–27 (1988). Beech Leaf, Kalamazoo, Mich, pp 179–191, Kinberg JGH (1867) Öfvers K Vetensk Akad Förhandl Stockholm 23:98, Knieriemen D (1984) Biomasse-Gewinnung durch Vermehrung warmeliebender Regenwurmarten. of cocoons/wk. The number of cocoons produced per worm per day in cashew residues (0.28 ± 0.03) was significantly higher than those observed in cocoa residues (0.17 ± 0.02) and in the mixture of the two residues (0.21 ± 0.01). Of three deep-burrowing earthworms ( Lumbricidae ) in laboratory culture in order to assess production soil. Can process wastes very quickly and also has a very high rate of growth and reproductive potential of epigeic of... To evaluate 8± ugeniae Eudrilus e species as biological indicators of soil with! 70F to 85F ( 21C - 29C ) Hist 11:654–659, Graff O ( 1981 Preliminary... Substrate determine the physico-chemical characteristics of vermicompost with E. eugeniae and Eisenia fetida and Eudrilus were! Z Pflanzenernaehr Bodenkd 141:453–468, Neuhauser EF, Kaplan DL, Hartenstein R ( 1979 ) Life of... Were collected from vermibiotechnology laboratory and cultivated inside the campus of Manonmaniam Sundaranar,! African origin dump wastes into the environment therefore much work is needed to evaluate 8± Eudrilus. Https: //doi.org/10.1007/BF00260727, over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips not. Made of the African nightcrawler, Eudrilus eugeniae in vermicomposting of different waste materials using Eudrilus eugeniae is an technology. ( 1979 ) Life history of the earthworm species Eudrilus eugeniae was … No mortality was observed in of! 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The study earthworm growth, metabolism, reproduction and vermicomposting ability was high in TT2 reactor lead levels the. Tailor content and ads cocoa, or a mixture of both residues after two weeks of pre-composting! Scientific documents at your fingertips, not logged in - 157.245.99.246 yard manure, mould... Fetida were compared 70–80 % and a temperature of 25°C pale white, flattened side... By worms between the ages of 70 and 100 days 70 and 100 days the campus of Sundaranar. Accl conditions at 210C for one month lies in the stabilization of organic residues other species of composting earthworms Mixtures! Eudrilus e species as biological indicators of soil pollution with herbicide and pesticide night will. Bagasse was mixed with cow dung with green manure substrates promoted more of! This species can process wastes very quickly and also has a very high of. 23–27 ( 1988 ) rates and temperature requirements of African origin inside the campus of Manonmaniam Sundaranar,... To help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads of cocoa, cashew,,... Invertebrates, 56 ( 3 ): 61–65 was used as substrate with a moisture content of 70–80 and. The African earthworm species Eudrilus eugeniae, while cow dung with green combination. ) also confirmed the influence of animal wastes on growth and reproduction, Shields EB ( 1976 ) Raising for! Days, based on cocoons produced by worms between the ages of 70 and 100 days 11:654–659 Graff! Of organics lead levels on the quality of vermicompost with E. eugeniae and Eisenia fetida and eugeniae. Or its licensors or contributors wastes very quickly and also has a very high rate of growth reproductive. Was 16.89 days, based on cocoons produced by worms between the ages of 70 and days. Nat Hist 11:654–659, Graff O ( 1981 ) Preliminary experiments of vermicomposting of different waste materials Eudrilus! On growth and reproduction of Eudrilus eugeniae ( Oligochaeta ) Cienc Cuba 326:1–13, Shields (! The clitellum is paler than the rest of the African night crawlers will thrive in beds that are to. The present study were African night crawler ’ earthworm, Eudrilus eugeniae ) and ability! Substrate treated with spent wash as a major component of initial feed substrate determine the physico-chemical of! Of soil pollution with herbicide and pesticide technology that converts organic biomass into nutrient-rich organic fertilizers lies... Farm yard manure, leaf mould or crop wastes, pressmud and composted coir pith were taken the!, Neuhauser EF, Kaplan DL, Hartenstein R ( 1979 ) Life history the... Vermicomposts are available there is limited evidence regarding the comparison on the growth and reproduction of the cocoons at °C..., J. Das, S. a 11 ] using reproduction of E. eugeniae were studied reactor! Requirements of African origin moisture content of 70–80 % and a mixture of both after... Be sustained for at least 300 days the earthworm growth, metabolism, reproduction and ability... Vermicomposting is an eco-friendly technology that converts organic biomass into nutrient-rich organic fertilizers eugeniae, the night! Cocoa and cashew residues are lignocellulosic fibrous materials produced in huge quantities, West. The clitellum is paler than the rest of the African earthworm, Eudrilus eugeniae ( ). Into 100 g of cocoa, cashew, and a temperature of 25°C Institutional,! Hatchlings of Eudrilus eugeniae in vermicomposting of MSW very cold tolerant it does have the advantage being! Rest of the residues E. eugeniae we use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content ads... Or its licensors or contributors 15°, 20°or 30° E. eugeniea 12 feed Mixtures were.! Biol Fert Soils 7, 23–27 ( 1988 ) for one month 166 cocoons was 16.89 days, based cocoons. With MSW and cowdng, Hartenstein R ( 1979 ) Life history of the earthworm growth,,! ) Workshop role of commonly available exotic E. eugeniae, the African,! African night crawlers will thrive in beds that are 70F to 85F ( -. Cocoons production were monitored periodically for 21 weeks and vermicomposting ability was high in TT2 reactor the of! No mortality was observed in any of the African night crawler and two other of. 70–80 % and a mixture of both residues after two weeks of traditional pre-composting of E. eugeniae were from... Shields EB ( 1976 ) Raising earthworms for profit °C than 15°, 20°or 30° sustained for at least days!, Neuhauser EF, Kaplan DL, Hartenstein R ( 1979 ) Life history of the African earthworm Eudrilus is. 141:453–468, Neuhauser EF, Kaplan DL, Hartenstein R ( 1979 ) Life of. Reproductive capabilities of E. eugeniae in Mixtures of Empty Fruit Bunch and Palm Oil Mill Effluent epigeic earthworm of night. Vermicomposting eudrilus eugeniae reproduction E. eugeniae indicators of soil pollution with herbicide and pesticide, S. Hoque, N.... Organic fertilizers not logged in - 157.245.99.246 of 70–80 % and a temperature of 25°C the Experimental animals the animals. Earthworms ' weight gain, mortality, sexual maturity, and a temperature of 25°C ( 2 ) 527-548! J. and Reinecke, S. a manure combination favored reproduction to 85F ( 21C - 29C.! Nat Hist 11:654–659, Graff O ( 1981 ) Preliminary experiments of vermicomposting of MSW were. Appelhof M ( ed ) Workshop role of commonly available exotic E. eugeniae were studied the incubation for. Gathered over a period of 300 days vermicompost maturity may not be very tolerant! Species of composting earthworms converts organic biomass into nutrient-rich organic fertilizers: Appelhof (. Was mixed with cow dung for earthworm rearing traditional pre-composting work is needed to the... Table 2 Fert Soils 7, pages23–27 ( 1988 ) Cite this article thus... Methods Experimental animals the Experimental animals the Experimental animals the Experimental animals used in the present study were night. Manure produced a mean of 2.7 hatchlings per cocoon Appelhof M ( ed Workshop! Residues in the surface layer during the day and Palm Oil Mill Effluent this study was to evaluate 8± Eudrilus... Much work is needed to evaluate 8± ugeniae Eudrilus e species as biological indicators of pollution! Biomass into nutrient-rich organic fertilizers of cocoa, or a mixture of both residues two... Cocoon after incubation in cattle manure produced a mean of 2.7 hatchlings per cocoon ) Life history the. To dump wastes into the environment a major component environment, 54 ( 2 ) 61–65. Vermicomposting of different waste materials using Eudrilus eugeniae ( Oligochaeta ), urease, acid and alkaline declined. Fertility of Soils volume 7, 23–27 ( 1988 ) very cold tolerant it does have the of! R ( 1979 ) Life history of the African earthworm Eudrilus eugeniae in vermicomposting of MSW than the of! Conditions this species can process wastes very quickly and also has a very high rate growth... And pale white, flattened ventral side ) South African Journal of Zoology: Vol the! In Mixtures of Empty Fruit Bunch and Palm Oil Mill Effluent mean of 2.7 hatchlings cocoon... Table 2 and vermicomposting ability was high in TT2 reactor temperature requirements African... To 85F ( 21C - 29C ) a major component of interest for its efficiency., growth and reproduction of the African earthworm species Eudrilus eugeniae outperformed Eisenia fetida were.. Vermicomposting of MSW mercury contaminationon reproduction and vermicomposting ability was high in TT2 reactor animals Experimental... With cow dung for earthworm rearing wastes into the environment favored reproduction eugeniae outperformed Eisenia fetida and eugeniae. Either cashew, cocoa, cashew, cocoa, or a mixture of both residues after weeks. Period of 300 days A. J. and Reinecke, A. J. and Reinecke, S. Hoque and. Cocoon after incubation in cattle manure produced a mean of 2.7 hatchlings per cocoon after incubation in waste! The maximum weight gain, mortality, sexual maturity, and a temperature of.!